about how these elements work together in any piece of writing:
way to look at a paragraph or an essay is to consider the different
parts or elements that work together in an effective piece of
writing: content, structure, style, and writing mechanics.
If any of these is weak or poorly developed, your writing
will be less effective.
is what you say in your essay; structure is how you organize your
content. Style refers
to such elements of writing as sentence variety, word usage, and
tone-essentially how you express your ideas.
Writing mechanics refers to the use of standard English
grammar and spelling.
look at these writing elements in greater detail.
is the information you provide in your essay.
When starting an essay, you should ask yourself what you
really want to say about the subject.
If you want to write something about cars, you have to decide
what the purpose of your essay is.
Is it to explain how to find a good used car? (how to or
process essay) Do you want to present an argument about the effects
of our dependence on cars? (cause and effect)
Or you may want to point out the differences and similarities
between two or three different cars as a way of determining which
would be the best buy. (compare and contrast) You might choose to describe a favourite car (description) or
tell a story about the first car you owned (narrative).
takes time to develop content.
You may have some prior knowledge of your subject or you may
have to do some reading to fill in some gaps.
is the way you organize your writing.
A clearly organized a piece of writing is easy for readers to
follow. There are some
basics to organizing your writing. Paragraphs should have clear
topic sentences and supporting points.
Essays need a clear thesis and enough evidence to make a good
case for the thesis. The essay model shown in this booklet is
commonly called the three-point essay, but many forms are possible.
Essays can run into many paragraphs, but they will all
maintain the same basic organization pattern: an introduction in
which the thesis is presented; supporting paragraphs which provide
evidence to back up the thesis; and a concluding paragraph which
looks back to the thesis and sums up or acknowledges the points that
have been made in the essay.
you have figured out what you want to say and how to organize it,
you have to decide how to say it.
Style involves the choice of words, tone and the arrangement
of phrases and sentences that give each writer a unique
the content may attract us to a piece of writing, it is the writer's
style that keeps us reading. As you develop as a writer, your own
personal style will emerge and you will find a distinct voice.
mechanics refers to the correct use of grammar and spelling.
As you build your ability to generate ideas and develop them
into paragraphs and essays, you will have to edit your writing for
punctuation and sentence structure according to the rules of
standard English grammar.